• Definition Definitions

    Keystone Exams - State-developed end-of-course exams that are used to determine, in part, a student’s eligibility for high school graduation (i.e., Algebra 1, Literature and Biology). 

    Project-Based Assessment (PBA) - State-developed alternate assessment. The PBA provides a different format and opportunity for a student to demonstrate proficiency in the areas tested by the Keystone Exams. A student must complete the PBA components under the direction of school personnel and to be scored by a statewide panel.

    Individual Education Program (IEP) -  Written plan/program developed by the school’s special education team with input from the parents which specifies the student’s academic goals and the method to obtain these goals. The plan also identifies transition arrangements. The law expects school districts to bring together parents, students, general educators and special educators to make important educational decisions with consensus from the team for students with disabilities; those decisions will be reflected in the IEP (IDEA Section 300.320).

    Individualized Learning Plan (ILP) -  Locally-developed written plan for a student without an IEP that identifies specific areas of learning in Keystone Exam content areas for which the student did not score at a proficient level.

    Supplemental Instruction - Additional instruction provided to a student who scored at a non-proficient level on a Keystone Exam via a method of instruction consistent with the student’s educational program.