2nd Grade Curriculum



    Course Title: Art - Grade 2 Department: Art

    Grade Level: 2  Time Per Day/Week: 40 minutes weekly  Length of Course: Year
    Primary Resources: PDE Standards
    Units of Study: Drawing, Painting, Printing, Crafts, and Sculpture

    Curriculum-Based Assessments: Observation, oral discussion, project completion

    Standardized Assessments: N/A
    Description: Grade 2 is aligned with the PA Humanities Standards. Students attend weekly classes taught by highly qualified teachers. The art program offers a planned curriculum in drawing, painting, printing, crafts, and sculpture. The goal of this course is to provide a positive art experience for all children while they learn to enjoy, appreciate and create art. Through the use of a wide variety of media, students are encouraged to express themselves in creative and individual ways as they create their own masterpieces using the elements and principles of design.

    Since second-grade students have a wide range of gross and fine motor skills, age-appropriate, challenging lessons, stressing process over product, are designed to promote artistic growth. Students look at and talk about various artists, major works of art and world cultures. Cross-curricular experiences are incorporated organically in the art room.


    Business Technology

    Course Title: Second Grade Course A Coding  Department: Business/Technology
    Grade Level: 2  Length of Course: 8 Weeks/ 40 minutes/One time per week
    Primary Resources: code.org
    Units of Study: 1. Happy Maps  2. Move It, Move It  3. Jigsaw: Learn to drag and drop  4. Maze: Sequence  5. Maze: Debugging  6. Real-Life Algorithms 7. Bee: Sequence 8. Artist: Sequence 9. Building a Foundation 10. Artist: Shapes 11. Spelling Bee 12. Getting Loopy 13. Maze: Loops 14. Bee: Loops 15. The Big Event 16. Play Lab: Create a Story 17. Going Places Safely 18. Artist: Loops

    Curriculum-Based Assessments: Successful Completion of each lesson.

    Standardized Assessments: N/A
    Description: Students create computer programs with loops and events and write algorithms for everyday tasks. Through this, they learn to collaborate with others meaningfully, investigate different problem-solving techniques, persist in the face of difficult tasks, and learn about Internet safety. By the end of this course, students create their very own custom game or story that they can share. Students starting in Course 1 will be early-readers in the lower elementary grades.


    Business Technology


    Course Title: Second Grade i-Safe Digital Learning  Department: Business/Technology

    Grade Level: 2  Length of Course: 5 Weeks/ 40 minutes/ one time per week
    Primary Resources: isafe.org
    Units of Study: Digital Communication and Citizenship, Digital Safety, Digital Security Skills & Practices, "Dot & i"  Straight-Up Safety Talk

    Curriculum-Based Assessments: Online Pre and Post Assessment

    Standardized Assessments: N/A
    Description: i-SAFE curriculum scope is topically comprehensive and provides a unique approach to digital citizenship and e-Safety education by meaningfully integrating current research with best practices in pedagogy and instructional design. Lessons are aligned to Common Core State Standards and ISTE/NETS standards. Instructional materials are compliant with Accessibility Standards.

     English Language Arts Course Title: English Language Arts (ELA)   Department: ELA
    Grade Level: 2  Length of Course: Year/ 120 minutes per day
    Units of Study: Word Study (Phonics/Spelling), Reading, Writing, Grammar, Speaking/Listening
    Curriculum-Based Assessments: Unit assessments, tests/quizzes, writing samples, & on-going formative assessments

    Standardized Assessments: STAR 360 Reading
    Description: Grade 2 English Language Arts courses are aligned with PA Core Standards which encompass reading and responding to fiction and nonfiction texts. Students are taught to be strategic readers and use appropriate strategies to construct meaning of text.  Students also learn to read fluently with appropriate expression. As students’ reading rate increases, comprehension is emphasized. Additionally, students practice writing skills with a focus on narrative, informative, and persuasive pieces. Students also receive weekly phonics, grammar, and vocabulary instruction. Speaking and listening skills are practiced through collaboration and oral presentations.  

    Health & Physical Education Course Title: Physical Education Grade 2  Department: Health and Physical Education

    Grade Level: 2  Length of Course: Year
    Primary Resources: N/A

    Units of Study: Unit 1: Fitness, Unit 2: Cooperative games & Activities, Unit 3: Locomotor Movement, Unit 4: Team Games & Sports, Unit 5: Manipulatives, Unit 6: Axial Skills

    Curriculum-Based Assessments: Pre and Post Fitness Testing, Participation, Attitude, Sportsmanship and other Performance Standards.
    Standardized Assessments: N/A


    Description: Physical Education at the primary level is designed to introduce students to the benefits of regular physical activity, by offering a variety of activities, and empowering the students to make healthy choices. There are six main units of focus in the Primary Physical Education program:
    Fitness - physically engages each student at their level of fitness/skill development and fosters a desire to improve over time. Fitness unit focuses on basic concepts of muscular endurance, muscular strength, cardiovascular endurance, and flexibility. Fitness activities are performed during stations and game activities during class. Some examples of exercises include jumping rope, push-ups, sit-ups, pull-ups, jogging, and burpees.
    Cooperative Games and Activities - this unit is designed to cognitively engage each student with higher-order thinking, decision-making skills, cooperation, teamwork, and problem-based activities designed to promote growth, both physically and mentally.
    Locomotor Movement - students demonstrate various locomotor movements while engaged in various games and activities.
    Team Sports- provide an exposure to a wide range of team sports through lead up games and activities. Students utilize particular skill movements such as throwing, dribbling and catching while participating in game situations.
    Manipulatives- focus on proper body mechanics by utilizing specific movements. The student engages in various activities while aiming for a target, kicking a ball, or catching an object while incorporating these skills into game and practice sessions.
    This course is aligned with the PA Academic Health, Safety and Physical Education Standards. The standards are comprised under 5 main areas of focus: Physical Activity, Concepts of Health, Healthful Living, Safety and Injury Prevention, and Concepts, Principles & Strategies of Movement.

    Library Course Title: Library-2  Department: Library
    Grade Level: 2  Length of Course: Year/40 minutes a week
    Primary Resources: N/A

    Units of Study: Library Navigation, Book Selection, Overview of Reference Materials, Literary fiction, Using Reference: Dictionary/ Thesaurus, Using Biographies
    Curriculum-Based Assessments: N/A

    Standardized Assessments: N/A

    Description of Course: Library students independently locate and select fiction and nonfiction materials. Students understand and use the different sections of the library such as using the Dewey Decimal System and fiction classification by alphabetical order. Students use the online catalog and call number to identify and locate library materials. Students will choose appropriate materials for pleasure reading as well as research projects. Students will be able to identify the different genres of library materials.

    Math Course Title: Math Grade 2  Department: Math
    Grade Level: 2  Length of Course: Year/60 minutes per day/5 days per week
    Primary Resources: My Math-McGraw Hill
    Units of Study: Operations and Algebraic Thinking, Operations and Algebraic Thinking Part 2, Time and Money, Numbers and Operations in Base 10, Geometry and Fractions, Measurement and Data

    Curriculum-Based Assessments: STAR 360, Topic Tests
    Standardized Assessments: N/A
    Description: Unit 1 focuses on addition and subtraction strategies for basic math facts.  Students will learn doubles, near doubles, odd and even. They will read, write, and compare numbers using digits, words, and symbols.  Unit 2 focuses on addition and subtraction stories using 2 digit numbers. Students will use paper/pencil and mental math. Unit 3 focuses on telling time and counting money.  They will identify the hands on a clock and how to tell time to the minute.  They will learn quarter to, half past, and quarter after. With money, they will identify coins, their worth, and be able to add both coins and bills using decimal points, cents signs, and dollar signs. Unit 4 focuses on reading, adding, subtracting, and writing numbers up to 1000.  They will compare using greater than and less than, and put numbers in order from greatest to least and least to greatest. Unit 5 focuses on Geometry and Fractions.  Geometry students will identify plane shapes, 3-D figures, and attributes. They will identify, create fractions, and understand what the top and bottom number represent. Unit 6 focuses on Measurement and Data.  The students will measure using centimeters, inches, feet, yards, and meters.  They will read and create graphs and charts.

    Music Course Title: General Music- Grade 2  Department: Music
    Grade Level: 2  Length of Course: Year
    Primary Resources: Resources developed by teachers aligned with PA Academic Standards/National Music Standards
    Units of Study: Music Literacy, Performance Skills, Listening and Analysis, Musical Contexts, Creativity, and Technology 

    Curriculum-Based Assessments: Topic Tests, Performance and project-based assessments using rubric criteria
    Standardized Assessments: N/A
    Description: In second-grade general music, students continue to develop musical skills that were introduced in first grade including tuneful singing and steady beat, while simultaneously developing a repertoire of familiar folk songs. Students start to build upon familiar music literacy skills by adding additional rhythmic concepts (half note, half rest, and 2/4 time signature) and adding additional pitches to the major scale (adding la, do, etc.). Music Literacy is taught using the Conversational Solfege process by John Feierabend.
    The 12-step sequence of this approach is summarized here:  Students will enhance performance skills by learning multiple part arrangements (pitched and unpitched percussion) to familiar songs. Throughout the year, students will discover how repertoire and concepts connect with the history of music, including famous musicians/composers, styles of music, music from other countries and how music is related to other areas of learning and culture. Students will continue to build their music vocabulary to describe what they hear. Music creativity is explored through the above literacy process as students improvise and compose their own music. Creativity also happens as students partake in classroom performances of familiar songs which they have arranged themselves as they choose which instruments to use, and incorporating original poetry or other literature as part of the performance. These activities are in line with the Orff-Schulwerk approach. Finally, music technology is used as an enhancement and/or further application of the above learning. Many apps and software programs can help to reinforce learned skills and information as well as be an outlet for composition.

    Science Course Title: Science - Grade 2  Department: Science
    Grade Level: 2  Length of Course: 40 minutes/day, 5 days/week /25 - 30 days per unit of study
    Primary Resources: Balance & Motion ASSET kit; “Changes” STC ASSET kit; Science 2 - Macmillan McGraw-Hill Science, 2006; National Geographic Windows on Literacy - Fossils books
    Units of Study: Forces and Motion, Changes, and Earth’s Changes
    Curriculum-Based Assessments: Science notebooks
    Standardized Assessments: N/A
    1. Forces and Motion -  In this unit of study, students will explore stable and unstable systems. They will identify different types of motion and how they are affected by different forces. Through a series of investigations, students will understand that variables can affect the outcome of investigations and will answer questions through inquiry.
    2. Changes - During our Changes unit, students will understand that changes occur all the time in the world around us. They will be able to recognize the different forms of water and observe that some solids can be dissolved in liquids. While completing the unit’s investigations, students will learn that variables can affect outcomes.
    3. Earth’s Changes - In this unit, students will explore the many variables that change the Earth’s surface. They will understand that the water cycle and other types of weather can cause changes on Earth. Students will recognize that living things disappear from the Earth and will be able to differentiate between endangered and extinct plants and animals. They will learn that fossils tell about Earth’s past.

    Social Studies Course Title: Social Studies - Grade 2  Department: Social Studies
    Grade Level: 2  Length of Course: 2 quarters 30 minutes/4 times per week
    Primary Resources: Viola, Herman J. Social Studies: Neighborhoods. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Print.
    Units of Study: Citizenship, Economics, America's History, Cultures in Our World, Civics, Pittsburgh

    Curriculum-Based Assessments: Curriculum and Teacher-created Worksheets, Formative Assessments, Unit Projects
    Standardized Assessments: N/A
    Description: Second-grade social studies is taught throughout the entirety of the school year. Through authentic texts and projects, students will explore topics in history, economics, civics, and world cultures.  Unit 1 focuses on various communities and how members of those communities work cooperatively toward a common goal. Unit 2 explores economic systems and distinguishes between people’s needs and wants. Unit 3 investigates America’s past, such as the challenges faced by early settlers, and the similarities/differences among several Native American tribes. Unit 4 teaches students map skills and different world cultures, with a focus on holiday traditions.  Unit 5 explores the idea that heroes are well-known, or ordinary people you look up to for their admirable qualities and that students can be a hero, too.  Unit 6 teaches that Pittsburgh has a rich historical and cultural history. The students will explore the city’s three rivers, its impact on the industrial revolution, and its transition from the “Steel City” into its awarded title, “The Most Livable City.”