• 9-12th Grade Curriculum

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Science Course Title: Academic Biology  Department: Science  
     
    Grade Level: 9 - 10  Time Per Day/Week: 42 minutes / every day Length of Course: Year
     
     

    Units of Study: Introduction to Biology (Characteristics of Life and Themes of Biology), Biochemistry, Cell Structure and Function, Membranes and Transport, Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration, DNA Structure and Replication, The Cell Cycle and Mitosis, DNA to Protein, Biotechnology, Meiosis and Mendelian Genetics, Complex Inheritance and Human Genetics, Evolution, Ecology

    Curriculum Based Assessments: Midterm and Final Exams, Laboratory Conclusions
     
    Standardized Assessments: Pennsylvania Keystone Exam - Biology
     
    Description of Course: This course is designed to be an introductory course for college bound students. This course presents the current understandings of biology within a pattern of unifying themes that help students understand the larger significance of the details they are learning. Students are taught to think critically about concepts and relate them to the world in which they live and demonstrate these understandings with scientific explanations. Areas of study include molecular and cellular biology, genetics, evolution and ecology. Lab investigations, individual and group projects are used to demonstrate various biological principles and to reinforce key concepts. All students completing a Biology course are required to take the end of course Keystone Biology Exam as mandated by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. The Keystone Exam score is not calculated in the student’s final course grade.
     

     
     
    Science
     
    Course Title: Honors Biology  Department: Science

    Grade Level: 9-10  Time Per Day/Week: 41 Min per Day/5 days per week Length of Course: Year

    Units of Study: Introduction to Biology, Biochemistry, Cell Structure and Function, Cell Membranes and Transport, Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration, DNA Structure and Replication, Cell Cycle and Mitosis, DNA and Protein, Biotechnology, Meiosis and Mendelian Genetics, Complex Patterns of Inheritance and Human Genetics, Evolution, Ecology

    Curriculum Based Assessments: Chapter Tests/Quizzes, Written Conclusions/Essays, Midterm and Final

    Standardized Assessments: Biology Keystone Exam, 3 Preparatory Classroom Diagnostic Tests

    Description of Course: 
    This course is designed to be a rigorous introductory course for college bound students interested in a field of science or medicine.This class utilizes reading, writing, and higher order thinking skills in efforts to develop competency in the sciences. Students analyze, interpret, and evaluate the validity of experimental data in order to draw conclusions about biological principles.Students taking Honors Biology must recognize that there is an obligation to do considerable work outside the classroom, both in individual studies and collaborative work. Areas of study include: molecular and cellular biology, genetics, evolution and ecology. Lab investigations are used to demonstrate various biological principles and reinforce key concepts. All students taking a biology course are required to complete the end of year Biology Keystone Exam as mandated by the Pennsylvania Department of Education as per the Pine Richland School Board. The Keystone Exam score is NOT calculated as part of the student’s course grade.
     

     
    Science
     
    Course Title: Earth Science  Department: Science

    Grade Level: 9-10  Time Per Day/Week: 42 minutes every day  Length of Course:Year 

    Units of Study: Geology, Astronomy, Meteorology and Oceanography

    Curriculum Based Assessments: Unit tests, lab assessments, mid-term and final exam

    Standardized Assessments: None

    Description of Course: This course is designed to provide the student with a better understanding of the earth, its environment, and place in the universe. Emphasis is placed on the physical laws of nature and the effects that they have on our environment. The areas of geology, meteorology and the environment are also viewed with their relations to the other sciences. A variety of laboratory investigations are conducted to reinforce the concepts studied and to introduce the student to basic laboratory procedures. Throughout the year emphasis is placed on the improvement of reading and writing skills within a science framework. This will help prepare students to take the Biology Keystone Exam in their sophomore year.

    Science
     
    Course Title: Biology  Department: Science

    Grade Level: 10  Time Per Day/Week: 42 minutes / every day Length of Course: year
     
    Primary Resources: Nowicki. Biology. Orlando: Houghton, Mifflin, Harcourt, 2012. Print and Online editions.

    Units of Study: Introduction to Biology, Biochemistry, Cell Structure and Function, Membranes and Transport, Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration, DNA Structure and Replication, The Cell Cycle and Mitosis, DNA to Protein, Biotechnology, Meiosis and Mendelian Genetics, Complex Inheritance and Human Genetics, Evolution, Ecology
     
    Curriculum Based Assessments: Unit Assessments, Lab Assessments, Midterm/Final Exam

    Standardized Assessments: Pennsylvania State Biology Keystone Exam

    Description: This course is designed to give a broad overview of biology. Students are presented a summary of topics and focus on a pattern of unifying themes. Emphasis is placed upon the improvement of reading, and writing skills within a science framework. Topics covered include but are not limited to: molecular and cellular biology, genetics, evolution and ecology. Topics of academic biology are taught at a slower pace and depth tailored to student need. Activities, laboratory experiments, and models are utilized to present concepts. All students completing a Biology course are required to take the end of course Keystone Biology Exam as mandated by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. Students are provided benchmarks of review with tier 2 interventions for remediation prior to Keystone Exam Testing.  The Keystone Exam score is not calculated in the student’s final course grade.

     Science
    Course Title: Academic Chemistry with Lab  Department: Science
     
    Grade Level: 10, 11, 12  Time Per Day/Week: 42 minutes/5 days a week, additional 42 minutes every other day (lab days)
     
    Length of Course: Full Year 

    Primary Resources: Pearson Chemistry, Wilbraham, Staley, Matta, Waterman; Pearson Education; 2017

    Units of Study: Unit 1: Safety and Measurement, Unit 2: Matter and Change, Unit 3: The Atom and Isotopes, Unit 4: Electrons and Quantum Mechanics, Unit 5: The Periodic Table, Unit 6: Ionic Bonding and Nomenclature, Unit 7: Covalent Bonding and Nomenclature, Unit 8: The Mole, Unit 9: Chemical Reactions, Unit 10: Stoichiometry, Unit 11: Thermodynamics and the Causes of Change, Unit 12: Gas Laws, Unit 13: Solutions, Unit 14: Acids and Bases 

    Curriculum-Based Assessments: Unit quizzes, tests and laboratory activities
     
    Standardized Assessments: N/A
     

    Description: This course is designed to introduce the basic principles of inorganic chemistry. Emphasis is placed upon the improvement of existing reading, writing, and algebraic mathematical skills within a science framework. Laboratory experiments are completed to learn problem solving skills and provide authentic examples of concepts. Topics of Academic Chemistry are taught at an intermediate pace and depth. Topics studied include matter and energy, atomic theory, bonding, nomenclature, the mole, chemical reactions, stoichiometry, solutions, acids and bases and gas laws.


    Science
     
    Course Title: Academic Physics with Lab  Department: Science
     
    Grade Level: 10-12 Time Per Day/Week: 42 minutes/ everyday; additional 42 minutes every other day (lab period) Length of Course: Year
     
     
    Units of Study: (1) The Nature of Science, (2) Kinematics, (3) Newton’s Laws, (4) Momentum, (5) Energy, (6) Rotational Kinematics, (7) Rotational Dynamics, (8) Waves and Electromagnetic Radiation

    Curriculum Based Assessments: Quizzes, unit exams, performance assessments, midterm and final exams
     
    Standardized Assessments: None
     
    Description: Physics is a course designed to provide students with a conceptual understanding of how and why objects and waves move.  Students gain knowledge of physical phenomena and the scientific process through extensive experimentation, problem-solving, and critical thinking.  The Nature of Science reminds students of the scientific method and provides opportunities for students to increase their understanding of data collection and analysis.  In Kinematics, students learn the principles governing how objects move, and in Newton’s Laws, students learn how to make objects move. The momentum and energy units explore how, why, and when momentum and energy are conserved and how these principles govern why objects move the way they do.  All of these principles are extended to objects moving in circles in rotational kinematics and dynamics. Finally, we end the year by exploring the physics of waves and electromagnetic radiation. We will use mathematical representations to describe the relationships among wave characteristics and study the historical underpinnings and communication implications of the wave-particle duality. We will also evaluate questions about the advantages of digital transmission and storage of information and  claims about the effects of electromagnetic radiation on matter.




    Science
     
    Course Title: Biology 1 Supplemental Instruction  Department: Science

    Grade Level: 10 - 12 Time Per Day/Week: 42 minutes / every day Length of Course: Semester

    Units of Study: Basic Biological Principles,The Chemical Basis for Life, Bioenergetics, Homeostasis and Transport, Cell Growth and Reproduction, Genetics, Theory of Evolution, Ecology

    Curriculum-Based Assessments: USA Test Prep unit assessments and lab work

    Standardized Assessments: Pennsylvania Keystone Exam - Biology

    Description: This course is designed to help students understand the key concepts embedded into the Pennsylvania Standards in Biology. Students will be given an initial assessment on Biology content. An individualized content review will be created for each student based on their assessment results. In addition to content review, students will work through a Keystone preparation program in order to increase their understandings of the key concepts and demonstrate their understanding through the Biology Keystone Exam or local assessment. This course is only available to students who have yet to achieve a score of proficient or advanced on the Biology Keystone Exam.

     
    Science
     
    Course Title: Comparative Anatomy and Physiology  Department: Science

    Grade Level:10-12  Time Per Day/Week: 42 minutes/day  Length of Course: Year
     
    Units of Study: Introduction to the Animal Kingdom: Sponges, Cnidarians and Unsegmented Worms; Mollusks and Segmented Worms; Arthropods and Echinoderms; Fish and Amphibians; Amniotes; Introduction to the Human Body; The Integumentary System; The Skeletal System; The Muscular System; Blood and the Cardiovascular System; The Nervous System and the Senses

    Curriculum Based Assessments: Section quizzes, Unit tests, Midterm exam, Final exam

    Standardized Assessments: N/A

    Description of Course: This course is designed for college-bound students who are interested in learning about the anatomy and physiology of various animals and of humans. The first semester is spent learning about the major phyla of the Animal Kingdom. The second semester focuses on the various organs and systems of the human body and examines how these organs and systems interact with one another. Lab investigations and dissections emphasize and reinforce key concepts.

    Science
     
    Course Title: Honors Chemistry with Lab  Department: Science

    Grade Level: 10-12  Time Per Day/Week: 42 minutes/5 days a week, additional 42 minutes every other day (lab days) Length of Course:Year
     

    Units of Study: Safety and Measurement, Matter and Change, The Atom and Isotopes, Electrons and Quantum Mechanics, The Periodic Table, Ionic Bonding and Nomenclature, Covalent Bonding and Nomenclature, The Mole, Chemical Reactions, Stoichiometry, Thermodynamics and the Causes of Change, Gas Laws, Solutions, Acids and Bases

    Curriculum Based Assessments: Unit quizzes, tests and laboratory activities

    Standardized Assessments: None Available

    Description: This course is designed to provide an introduction to the basic principles of inorganic chemistry at an in-depth and rigorous pace. A strong mathematical foundation is required. Problem solving and critical thinking skills are stressed. Student centered, inquiry based laboratory investigations supplement and reinforce topics covered. Students are required to present their laboratory findings using scientific writing. Topics of Honors Chemistry are taught at a rigorous pace and depth. Topics studied include matter and energy, atomic theory, bonding, nomenclature, the mole, chemical reactions, stoichiometry, acids and bases and gas laws.

    Science
     
    Course Title: Honors Physics  Department: Science

    Grade Level: 10-12  Time Per Day/Week: 42 min/day/5 times per week; additional 42 minutes every other day Length of Course: year

    Units of Study: The Nature of Science, Kinematics, Newton’s Laws, Energy, Momentum, Rotational Kinematics, Rotational Dynamics

    Curriculum Based Assessments: Quizzes, Unit Exams, Performance Assessments, Midterm and Final Exam
     
    Standardized Assessments: N/A

    Description of Course: After an introduction to methods of measurement and problem-solving techniques, the following physical concepts are covered: motion, vector analysis, forces, work, energy, and rotational motion. The course has a heavy emphasis on problem-solving, mathematical reasoning and laboratory techniques.

     Science
     
    Course Title: Environmental Science  Department: Science

    Grade Level: 11th and 12th Grade  Time Per Day/Week: 42 Min per Day/5 days per week  Length of Course: Year

    Primary Resources: Textbook:

    Friedland. Environmental Science: Foundations and Applications. New York: W.H. Freeman.2012. Print Versions.


    Units of Study: Introduction and Sustainability, Dynamic Earth Cycles, Earth’s Climate and Biomes, Ecosystem Ecology, Population Ecology, Human Population Growth and Change,Water Resources: Supply and Pollution, Air: Quality and Pollution, Green Design and Building

    Curriculum Based Assessments: Chapter Tests/Quizzes, Written Conclusions/Essays, Midterm and Final

    Standardized Assessments: N/A

    Description of Course: this course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive background in scientific principles and concepts in the area of Environmental Science. This course id focused on providing students with a working knowledge of current environmental problems, the interactions of organisms with their environments and Pennsylvania's state standards in ecology. Further concentration will be placed on understanding the physical, biological and chemical interrelationships within the environment and lab activities that promote problem solving through group activity and technology.

     
     
    Science
     
    Course Title: Advanced Placement Biology  Department: Science
     
    Grade Level: 11 and 12 Time Per Day/Week: 42 minutes-5 days/week; additional 42 minutes every other day (lab) Length of
     
    Course: Year
     
     

    Units of Study: The process of evolution drives dives the diversity and unity of life. Biological systems utilize free energy and molecular building blocks to grow, to reproduce, and to maintain dynamic homeostasis.Living systems store, retrieve, transmit and respond to information essential to life processes. Biological systems interact, and these systems, and their interactions, possess complex properties.

     
     
    Curriculum-Based Assessments: Section quizzes, Chapter tests, Lab notebooks and reports
     
    Standardized Assessments: Advanced Placement Biology Exam
     

    Description of Course: This course is designed for students who wish to continue the study of biological sciences in college. It is based on the Advanced Placement Biology Curriculum. Intensified studies in molecular and cellular biology emphasize biological chemistry, photosynthesis, cellular respiration and fermentation, protein synthesis and DNA replication. Units in genetics dealing with inheritance patterns and gene expression as well as population genetics are also covered along with units in microbiology. The core scientific principles, theories, and processes governing living organisms and biological systems are explored.  Laboratory investigations supplement all course work. Students who elect this course have the opportunity to be adequately prepared for the AP test in Biology.

     

    Science
     
    Course Title: Advanced Placement Chemistry with Lab  Department: Science
     
    Grade Level: 11 - 12 Time Per Day/Week: 42 minutes every day / additional 42 minutes every other day Length of Course: Year
     
     
    Units of Study:  
     
    1.  The chemical elements are the building blocks of matter, which can be understood in terms of the arrangements of atoms.
    2. Chemical and physical properties of materials can be explained by the structure and the arrangement of atoms, ions, or molecules and the forces between them.
    3.  Changes in matter involve the rearrangement and/or reorganization of atoms and/or the transfer of electrons.
    4. Rates of chemical reactions are determined by details of the molecular collisions.
    5.  The laws of thermodynamics describe the essential role of energy and explain and predict the direction of changes in matter.
    6. Bonds or attractions that can be formed can be broken. These two processes are in constant competition, sensitive to initial conditions and external forces or changes.
     
    Curriculum Based Assessments: Midterm and Final Exams, Laboratory Conclusions
     
    Standardized Assessments: Advanced Placement Test: Chemistry
     
    Description: This course is designed to provide students with a learning experience equivalent to that of an introductory college course in chemistry and includes those topics covered in a typical college-level chemistry course. AP Chemistry differs significantly from Honors Chemistry with respect to the range and depth of topics covered, the emphasis on chemical calculations and the mathematical formulation of principles, the nature and variety of laboratory work done by students, and the time and effort required of students. Students are prepared to meet the challenge of the AP Chemistry exam offered in early May. Every incoming student is expected to come to AP Chemistry with a thorough understanding of the concepts taught in first year chemistry. A recommended review packet is made available in the spring and should be completed before beginning the AP Chemistry course in the fall. Students that can successfully complete this packet will have the prerequisite understanding required for this course.


    Science
     
    Course Title: Astronomy  Department: Science

    Grade Level: 11 and 12 Time Per Day/Week: 42 minutes / day Length of Course: Year

    Units of Study: Life Cycle of a Star; Night Sky - Summer Triangle;  Size/Scale Solar System, Galaxy, Universe; Night Sky - Circumpolar Sky; Night Sky - Fall Sky; Constellation Mythology ; Night Sky - Winter Hexagon; Night Sky - Spring Sky I; Night Sky - Spring Sky II; General Astronomy; Phases of the Moon; Night Sky - Cumulative Sky Unit; NEO (Near Earth Objects); SETI/Life Elsewhere; Night Sky - Southern Hemisphere Section

    Curriculum Based Assessments: Unit Tests, Lab Assessments, Mid-Term/Final Exams

    Standardized Assessments: None

    Description of Course: Astronomy is divided into two major areas of study. Naked eye astronomy introduces students to the scale of the universe, movements and perceived movements of the earth and visible bodies. Through research and use of the planetarium, students learn the classical mythology of the sky and are able to identify constellations and locate and name prominent stars. No need for an APP! The second area includes the historical development of astronomy, production of light, spectroscopy, stellar evolution, galaxies, sun, moon, solar system, cosmology and celestial navigation techniques.

     
    Science
     
    Course Title: Chemistry with Lab  Department: Science

    Grade Level: 11 and 12 Time Per Day/Week: 42 minutes/5 days a week, additional 42 minutes every other day (lab) Length of Course: Year

    Units of Study: Unit 1: Safety and Measurement, Unit 2: Matter and Change, Unit 3: The Atom and Isotopes, Unit 4: Electrons and Quantum Mechanics, Unit 5: The Periodic Table, Unit 6: Ionic Bonding and Nomenclature, Unit 7: Covalent Bonding and Nomenclature, Unit 8: The Mole, Unit 9: Chemical Reactions, Unit 10: Stoichiometry, Unit 11: Thermodynamics and the Causes of Change, Unit 12: Gas Laws, Unit 13: Solutions, Unit 14: Acids and Bases

    Curriculum Based Assessments: N/A

    Standardized Assessments: N/A

    Description of Course: This course is designed to provide an introduction to the basic principles of inorganic chemistry. Emphasis is placed upon the improvement of reading, writing, and mathematical skills within a science framework. Laboratory experiments are provided to reinforce basic skills and develop good laboratory techniques. Topics of Chemistry are taught at a slower pace.

     
    Science
     
    Course Title: CHS Physics  Department: Physics

    Grade Level: 11-12  Time Per Day/Week: 315 minutes/week  Length of Course: Year

    Units of Study: The Nature of Science, Kinematics, Vector Algebra, Newton’s Laws, Energy, Linear Momentum, Rotation, Gravitation, Oscillations and Waves, Thermodynamics

    Curriculum Based Assessments: Quizzes, unit exams, performance assessments, midterm and final exams

    Standardized Assessments: N/A

    Description of Course: This course is a dual enrollment study between the University of Pittsburgh and Pine-Richland. The course is taught according to the University’s Basic Physics for Science & Engineering 1 (Phys 0174) which is a calculus based course. Students will receive two sets of grades, one from Pine-Richland and one from the University of Pittsburgh. The university grade will be based on three exams during the term and one cumulative final exam. There is a registration fee associated with this course. Upon successful completion of the course students will receive four credits from the University of Pittsburgh which will be supplied on a university transcript.

     
    Science
     
    Course Title: Organic Chemistry  Department: Science

    Grade Level: 11 and 12  Time Per Day/Week: 42 min/5 days a week  Length of Course: Year

    Primary Resources: Organic Chemistry. Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning, 2009.

    Units of Study: Bonding in Organic Compounds, Alkanes & Cycloalkanes, Stereoisomerism & Chirality, Functional Groups, Intro to Organic Reactions, Aromatics, Polymers

    Curriculum Based Assessments: Chapter Tests and Quizzes, Midterm and Final Exam, Laboratory Experiments and Projects

    Standardized Assessments: N/A

    Description of Course: This course is designed to provide an introduction to the basic principles of organic chemistry. It is primarily for those students interested in a medical or science related field in college. Course topics include: structure and bonding, the nature of organic compounds, alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, aromatic compounds, stereochemistry, and functional groups.  Laboratory investigations supplement and reinforce topics covered.



    Science
     
    Course Title: Physical Science  Department: Science'
     
    Grade Level: 11 and 12  Time Per Day/Week: 42 minutes every day  Length of Course: Year

    Units of Study: Introduction to Physical Science, Composition of Matter, Periodic Table and Modeling, Bonding Basics, 
    Balancing Chemical Equations, Density of Regular/Irregular Objects, Speed and Velocity, Acceleration, Forces, Energy/Work/Simple Machines

    Curriculum Based Assessments: Unit Tests, Lab Assessments, Mid-Term/Final Exams

    Standardized Assessments: None

    Description: Students are provided with a survey of the basic concepts of physics, such as heat, light, sound, motion, energy, electricity, magnetism, and related chemical principles. Students are presented with current developments in technology and their applications within society. Emphasis is placed upon the improvement of reading, writing, and mathematical skills. Laboratory experiments are provided to reinforce the basic skills and develop good lab techniques. Please note that students who have previously passed Chemistry or Physics may not take this course.